This is the truth of the Gospel. God sent Jesus Christ
- Design of Atonement
† The scriptures and the Missio Dei
† The atoning work of Christ
Why did Christ Die? Why did God become Man?
The father sent his son because god wills to punish sin and the save all who are in union with the father through the spirit.
Affirm the righteousness of God to punish sin. In Christ God was reconciling the world to himself. For whom did Christ die—the world
- The nature of the Atonement
a. Penal substitution—some have restated the gospel
b. Four motifs
- Extent of the Atonement
a. Historical Considerations
i. Limited and unlimited Atonement
ii. Hincmar &Gottsochak (9th Century)
Council of Mimes counted Hincmar’s double predestination as heretical and had him placed in prison until he died.
iii. Saumur Theologians (16th-17th Century)
1. John Cameron
2. Moise Amyraut
iv. Andrew Fuller (1754-1815) Our convention would gain much by returning to the reading of his readings. Fuller is behind the modern missionary movment.
b. Exegetical Considerations
i. John 3:16-18
Affirm general atonement but also affirm the view of limited atonement. All theological views have tensions.
ii. 1 Timothy 2:1-6
Paul instructs Timothy on how the church is to behave. We are to pray for all people. It is god’s desire that all come to know him.
iii. Hebrews 2:9;14-18
Jesus suffered and tasted death for everyone. The author of Hebrews carries an analogy throughout the book between the High Priest
iv. 2 Peter 2:1;3;9
v. 1 John 2:2
- What is at Stake
Two potential problems
a. A potential problem regarding the nature of the gospel
i. Are we losing the gospel?
b. A potential problem regarding the offer of the gospel
i. No offer of the gospel.
ii. A cheap offer of the gospel
Some of the most evangelistic people are 5 point Calvinist.
Dr. Nelson said; the biggest fear is that the people in the pew are getting their doctrines from charlatans such as Joel Olsteen and John Hagee.